Factors |
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Factors are two (or more) whole numbers that are multiplied to form a product. |

Take the value "2".

"2" has two factors, 2 and 1.

It's easy to find the factors of small numbers, but it gets more complicated as numbers get larger.

Factor Pairs |
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For more complex numbers, Factor Pairs can be used to find all factors of a number. |

Let's use a table to find all the factor pairs of "36":

Figure 1. |
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Factors of 36: 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 9, 12, 18, 36